Space Research Institute
Институт Космических Исследований
Space Research Institute


As the leading organization of the Russian Academy of Sciences in the field of investigations of Outer Space, Solar System planets and other objects of the Universe, Space Research Institute (IKI) is primary in charge of long-range planning and elaboration of space research programs of which a considerable part is performed within the framework of international space research cooperation.

  • Main results of the experimental and theoretical research completed in 2014 new!
  • Main research and development work completed in 2014 and ready for implementation new!
  • The most important results from previous years
  •    Current missions and experiments

    PLASMA-F suit (three scientific instruments and data processing unit) onboard Spektr-R spacecraft to measure plasma and magnetic field in the interplanetary medium and the Earth’s magnetosphere. Launched in 2011.

    Hend (short for High Energy Neutron Detector) instrument onboard Mars Odyssey mission (NASA) to study Martian surface composition and to search for water ice on the surface and in the upper layer of the regolith in particular. Launched in 2001.

    Mars Express (ESA) mission for Mars remote sensing. IKI contributed to three instruments onboard the mission: OMEGA mapping spectrometer, PFS (Planetary Fourier Spectrometer), and SPICAM infrared and UV spectrmeter. Russian scientists are also co-investigators in most scientific groups of the project. Launched in 2003.
    Venus Express (ESA) mission for Venus remote sensing. IKI contributed to two instruments onboard the spacecraft: SPICAV/SOIR infrared and UV-spectrometer and PFS (Planetary Fourier Spectrometer). Russian scientists are also co-investigators in three other experiments VIRTIS, VMS, and ASPERA. Launched in 2005.
    LEND (short for Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector) instrument onboard Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (NASA) to study elemental composition of lunar regolith and look for water ice in lunar regolith. Launched in 2009.

    DAN (short for Dynamic Albedo of Neutrons) instrument onboard Curiosity rover (Mars Science Laboratory project, NASA) to measure neutron flux from Martian surface along the rover's path, which corresponds to the ratio of water ice or bound water in the upper layer of the regolith. Launched in 2011.
    Chibis-M microsatellite to study electromagnetic emissions from radio to gamma-ray wavebands, which are generated by lightning is thunderstorms in Earth's low atmosphere. Launched in 2011.
    Integral (INTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory, ESA) X-ray and gamma-ray orbital observatory. It was delivered to space by Proton launcher from Baikonur cosmodrome, under condition that Russian scientists get 25% of the observational time. IKI hosts Russian Scientific Data Center, which is the main hub for anyone in Russia, who wish to work with observatory's data or apply for observational time. Launched in 2002.

    RTT150 Russian-Turkish 1.5-m Telescope.

    MKS-Obstanovka (ISS-Environment) experiment onboard International Space Station (Russian segment) to study plasma properties and plasma waves in the ionosphere in the close vicinity of superlarge spacecraft. Launched in 2013.
    RELEC (microsatellite experiment to study energetic particles in the near-Earth space, principal organisation — Skobeltsyn Institute for Nuclear Physics of Lomonosov Moscow State University) to study electron acceleration and losses in the near-Erath environment, wave-particle interactions, role of electron precipitation for upper atmosphere and ionosphere, and role of high-altitude discharges in the global electric circuit. Launched in 2014.

    High Energy Astrophysics which includes both theoretical and experiments works with data from space and Earth-based observatories, and development of future astrophysical instruments.

    Planetary Exploration, from instrument design and development to data acquisition and incorporation into current theories of planetary evolution, including climate research.

    Nuclear planetology, i.e., using gamma-ray and neutron detectors to study planetary composition.
    Solar-terrestrial relations, studies of Sun, solar wind, and interplanetary medium, space weather, including novel approaches to study sun's influence over biological systems.
    Space Plasma Physics

    Space Weather

    Earth remote sensing, including data analysis and development of dedicated information systems using satellite data.

    Optical Physics Research, navigation instruments for spacecraft.

    Russian Space Science Internet

    Instrumentation for Fundamental and Applied Space Projects
       Future missions and experiments
  • ExoMars, a joint project of European Space Agency (ESA) and Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) to explore Mars. Some mission goals are search for signs of past and present life on Mars; investigate how the water and geochemical environment varies; and investigate Martian atmospheric trace gases and their sources. Mission has two parts with launches in 2016 and 2018.
  • Luna-25 mission to land the spacecraft on the Moon and the first in a row of a new lunar program, which should eventually lead to exploitation of the Moon. The spacecraft shoul land in polar region, which have been underexplored up until now, and analyse lunar regolith samples in-situ. Launch planned for 2018.
  • Luna-26 orbital mission to study Moon from low polar orbit (approximately 50–100 km). Launch planned for 2019.
  • Luna-27 landing mission, which shall study lunar regolith in-situ. ESA is considering the possibility to install a drill and a sampling device on the spacecraft. Launch planned for 2020.
  • Spektr-Rentgen-Gamma (Spectrum-RG) — Russian-German orbital observatory to study Universe in hard X-ray energy band. Two telescopes are included in the project, eRosita (developed by German Space Agency DLR) and ART-XC (developed by IKI), working in two complementary wavebands. Its main aim is to find every large galactic cluster in the observable Universe (estimates are around 300 000) and active galactic nuclei (around 3 million). Launch is planned for 2016.
  • Resonance multisatellite project to study wave-particle interactions in the Earth inner magnetosphere. Two pairs of satellites will be inserted into carefully chosen orbit to follow Earth magnetic tube, rotating with the planet. Launch is scheduled for 2015–17.
  • Venera-D project to study Venus with a lander, that will last on the planet's burning surface for several hours (earlier landers lived little more than one hour) and provide new insights into atmosphere-surface interactions and mechanisms of Venusian enormous greenhouse effect. Launch is scheduled after 2020's.
  • Interhelioprobe mission to study Sun from close distance (around 40 solar radii) to understand mechanisms of the coronal heating and solar wind, fine structure and dynamics of the solar atmosphere, origin and global dynamics of the solar activity phenomena and their influence on the heliosphere and space weather, mechanism of the solar dynamo and solar cycle and other questions. Launch is planned after 2014.
  •    Seminars & Conferences

    The International academic and applicatory Conference "International Space Station Research Investigations and Experiments"

    The Fifth Moscow Solar System Symposium (5MS3)

    International Conference "Mode Conversion, Coherent Structures and Turbulence"

    International Conference: Cosmology and Relativistic Astrophysics (Zeldovich-100)

  • Conference Archive

  • IKI Seminar

  • Seminar on Mechanics, Control and Informatics
  •    Other Activities

    Astronomy Letters - a journal of astronomy and space astrophysics

    IKI cooperation for optical observations of cosmic gamma-ray bursts

    Remote sensing of ocean - a collection of radar images
    Space Research Institute (IKI)
    117997, 84/32 Profsoyuznaya Str, Moscow, Russia
    Phone +7(495) 333-52-12
    Fax +7(495) 913-30-40