Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Founded in 1965 (Government Resolution from May 15, 1965), then within the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
IKI's structure (main departments as of 2015 and areas of research)
Appointed principal organisation for robotic space research and exploration in the Academy of Sciences, thus complementing manned space program.
IKI designs and builds scientific instruments for space experiments, acts as principal organization for various scientific space projects and missions, and uses the data of space probes to deepen our understanding of space and Earth.
IKI acronym comes from Russian “Institut Kosmicheskih Issledovanyi”, which is Space Research Institute, and is used in English as is.
In 1986, IKI was awarded with the Order of Lenin for significant contribution to science and technology development, after successful implementation of VEGA mission to study Venus and comet Halley.
Academician Professor Lev Zelenyi heads IKI from 2002.
Short history of IKI with respect to directors and main missions
Fields of research
Astrophysics, in particular radioastronomy and high energy astrophysics, which includes both theoretical and experimental works with data from space and Earth-based observatories, and development of future astrophysical instruments
Space plasma physics, studies of Sun, solar wind, and interplanetary medium, solar-terrestrial relations, space weather, including novel approaches to study sun's influence over biological systems (heliobiology).
Planetary and solar system research, from instrument design and development to data acquisition and incorporation into current theories of planetary formation and evolution, including climate research.
Earth remote sensing, including data analysis and development of dedicated information systems using satellite data
Mechanics, operation systems, space ballistics
Space engineering and testbed facilities, to test the instruments prior to their installation aboard the spacecraft, including thermal and vacuum chambers, radiation chambers, centrifuge, electrical, and vibration tests, mechanical tests.
The most important results from previous years
NATIONAL REPORT for Committee on Space Research (COSPAR). Results of Fundamental Space Research in Russia in 2014 – 2015
Current missions and experiments|
(main experimental projects under implementation)
Trace Gas Orbiter, part of project ExoMars, a cooperation between ESA and Roscosmos to study Mars
Plasma-F suit onboard Spektr-R spacecraft
HEND instrument onboard Mars Odyssey mission (NASA)
Instrument suit onboard Mars Express (ESA) mission for Mars remote sensing
BTN-M №1 for BTN-Neutron experiment onboard International Space Station (Russian segment)
LEND (short for Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector) instrument onboard Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (NASA)
DAN (short for Dynamic Albedo of Neutrons) instrument onboard Curiosity rover (Mars Science Laboratory project, NASA)
INTEGRAL (INTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory, ESA) X-ray and gamma-ray orbital observatory
RTT150 Russian-Turkish 1.5-m Telescope
MKS-Obstanovka (ISS-Environment) experiment onboard International Space Station (Russian segment)
| 50 Years of Space Research in IKI|
Main future missions and experiments|
(dates are subject to change)
ExoMars, a joint project of European Space Agency (ESA) and ROSCOSMOS State Corporation to explore Mars. Mission goals are to search for signs of past and present life on Mars; investigate variations of water content and geochemical environment; and study Martian atmospheric trace gases and their sources. The project has two parts with launches in 2016 (already in operation) and 2020 respectively.
Lunar program, which includes three successive missions: Luna-25 to land the spacecraft on the Moon; Luna-26 orbital mission to study Moon from low polar orbit (approximately 50–100 km); Luna-27 landing mission, which shall study lunar regolith in situ. The first launch is scheduled prior to 2020.
Spektr-Rentgen-Gamma (Spectrum-RG) — Russian-German orbital observatory to study the Universe in hard X-ray energy band. Two telescopes are included in the project, eRosita (developed by German Space Agency DLR) and ART-XC (developed by IKI), working in two complementary wavebands. Its main aim is to find every large galactic cluster in the observable Universe (estimated number around 300 000) and active galactic nuclei (around 3 million). Launch is planned for 2018.
|Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IKI), 84/32 Profsoyuznaya Str, Moscow, Russia, 117997
Phone +7(495) 333-52-12, Fax +7(495) 913-30-40, email@example.com
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