|MARS-96      ||ROBOTIC SPACECRAFT MISSION TO MARS. Brief description|
|SMALL AUTONOMOUS STATIONS|
STUDY OF MARS AND ITS ATMOSPHERE WITH HELP OF TWO LANDERS
studies of the vertical structure of the atmosphere and climate of Mars, the internal structure of Mars, the elemental surface composition, magnetic field, and seismic condition; TV imaging.
Scientific payloadIn the beginning of the chapter
The descent and landing profile of Small Station
Housekeeping system includes:In the beginning of the chapter
Main characteristics:In the beginning of the chapter
LandingIn the beginning of the chapte
The spacegraft carries two small autonomous stations, which will be separated 4-5 days before the landing, make their independent flight and then land at sites chosen in the 30-40° N zone.
Nominal coordinates for the landing sites small stations:
Russia, Finland, France, Germany, USA.
Contact person: V.Linkin (PI) , firstname.lastname@example.org
CHARACTERISTICS OF SCIENTIFIV INSTRUMENTIn the beginning of the chapter
METEOROLOGY INSTRUMENT SYSTEM MISIn the beginning of the chapter
Relative humidity sensor:
Optical depth sensor:
Cooperation: Finland, France, Russia
DPI DESCENT PHASE INSTRUMENT In the beginning of the chapter
Three component Accelerometer
The instrument is placed inside the station Pressure sensor:
Modes of operation - during descending under the parashute Temperature sensors:
with a platinum wire:
Contact person: A.Lipatov (PI) email@example.com
ALPHAIn the beginning of the chapter
ALHA-PARTICLE, PHOTON AND X-RAY SPECTROMETER
Main santific objetives:
Measurements of the elemental composition (begining with carbon) of Martian soils.
Recording of secondary neutrons scattered on niclei of Martian soil elements, excitation of X-ray fluorscence of a sample.
Cooperation Germany, Russia, USA.
OPTIMIZMIn the beginning of the chapter
The OPTIMIZM instrument consists of a three-component magnetometer with an inclinometer on the boom, a vertical-component seismometer, an electronics unit
CooperationFrance, Germany, Russia
Contact person: М.Menville (PI), firstname.lastname@example.org
SEISMOMETERIn the beginning of the chapter
Cooperation Contact person:
Contact person: P.Lognonne (PI), email@example.com
DesCamIn the beginning of the chapter
DESCENT PHASE CAMERA
Imaging with a resolution of 20 m to 1 cm during parachute descent.получение изображения поверхности Марса на спуске под парашютом с разрешением от 20 м до 1 см.
Cooperation Contact person:
PanCamIn the beginning of the chapter
TV panorama of the Martian landscape around the small station.
Using a 60° lens an image of a portion of the Martian surface is a projected onto a vertical CCD-array (1024 pixels); the optical system is placed at the top of the station and is rotated by a step motor (6000 lines).
Cooperation Finland, France, Russia
MOxIn the beginning of the chapter
MARS OXIDANT EXPERIMENT
Study of the presence of an oxidizing agent in the Martian soil and atmosphere that was inferred from the results of the biology experiments onboard the NASA Viking landers in the mid-1970s.
Instrument uses chemical sensor technology. The instrument measures the oxidizing powerm using a detector that monitors the change in reflectivity of a thin chemical film that is exposed to the Martian environment. The instrument's sensor headm is comprised of eight sensor cell assemblies, four of which are designed to contact the soil and four that will be exposed to the atmosphere. Each of the 96 sensor sites is illuminated by two light-emitting diodes, one operating at 590 nm and the other at 870 nm. The reflected signal will be measured by a silicon photodiode detector array..
Mass of the instrument is about 1 кg.
Cooperation USA, Russia
Contact person:M. Herring, Herring@jpl.nasa.gov
Two additional items mounted on the Spall Stations:
Cooperation Russia, The Planetary Society
Contact person: L.Friedman, firstname.lastname@example.org